|Close association between different wildlife and domestic animals, and a large number of human beings residing in and around Gir sanctuary makes them susceptible to many zoonotic and transmissible diseases. Zoonotic and transmissible diseases between domestic animals and wildlife would be identified and appropriate measures would be taken to control such dangerous diseases. |
Hemorrhagic septicemia, rinder pest, foot and mouth disease etc. are transmissible between domestic and wild herbivores. Vaccination of wild animals is practically impossible and effective protection against the disease, even after the vaccination is yet suspected. If domestic livestock living in and around the PA are vaccinated against such transmissible diseases, spread of such dangerous diseases may be restricted. Similarly, such domestic livestock are given suitable protection against parasites to prevent unwanted spread of many parasitic diseases.
If we look into recent history of Gir there is no evidence of any major disease outbreak.
Different kind of infectious diseases, physical injuries due to territorial conflicts, road and rail accidents, some incidences of poaching and deaths due to old age are major causes of death.
During the period of implementation of the current management plan spread of no epidemic was observed in Gir PA among the wild carnivores and the ungulates. This may be mainly due to high natural hygiene system and the precautionary measures like, vaccination of domestic cattle and early detection of diseased animals and their treatment. The Sakkar Baug Zoo, Junagadh, of the Gujarat Forest Department together with field veterinary care centers at Sasan and Jasadhar provides valuable wildlife health service to the Gir PA since last many years. Gir has as good pool of skilled manpower for tracking and providing vet care to the wild animals in distress.