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Reproduction and Mortality
There is no rigidly fixed breeding season in Lions. Many lions mate between Oct to December and young ones produced around January to march. Birth of cubs shows two peaks in winters and monsoon. Litter size recorded in Gir is between 1 to 4 (average 2.6). Cub survival upto recruitment or the sub-adult stage was estimated to be 56%. Cub mortality is mainly due to starvation. Predation as a cause of mortality is also recorded in Gir. Cubs associate closely with their mother until she has another litter or they are two years old. Learning how to hunt begins at an early age. Lionesses reach maturity at the age of 4 while male require some more months to reach sexual maturity.